Research And Development

To Build Happiness Is Our Happiness

Research And Development


Science and Advanced Technology Built into Construction

R&D Department, which was established in 1991, is active by considering one of Yapı Merkezi’s key principles: “To apply and develop advanced technology is our strength”. Main study subjects are as follows:

R&D Department carries out experimental studies which contains "new products and materials" in the scope of Advance Reinforced Concrete Technology with the help of Yapı Merkezi Prefabrication Inc. Some related research projects are: production of concrete with a strength of 240MPa (2400kgf/cm2) by using normal concrete aggregate, production of reactive powder concrete with a strength of 300MPa (3000kgf/cm2), production of lightweight concrete, rationalization of mixture designs for concrete strengths higher than 120MPa, prediction of concrete strength parameters in the long run, production of environmental friendly concrete by using recycled aggregate, improvement of “strength prediction models” by using surface roughness numbers and ultrasonic velocity readings, increasing the application areas of mineral containing concrete (flying ash and highly furnitured slag), development of new material by considering the mixture of cement and calcite powder, development of half transparent concrete.

There are several developing and ongoing research activities within the scope of Earthquake Engineering since the establishment of Yapı Merkezi (1966). Some of these studies are: Seismological properties of active fault systems, preparation of loss of life and economical loss inventories due to earthquakes, investigation of parameters such as acceleration, velocity, effective time, earthquake intensity, Arias during significant earthquakes, liquefaction analysis methods, and seismic analyses of tunnels.

Some of the research projects related to tunnel technologies can be summarized as: quality control of shotcrete, improvement of application areas of using shotcrete which is strengthen with steel fiber, measurement of settlement/deformations, relationship between working principle of high radius (D≥10m) tunnel boring machines (TBMs) and rock mass strength parameters, development of performance prediction models of TBMs, investigation of relationship between disc cutter and rock mass properties, tunnel enlargement technologies.

Some of the research projects within the scope of Structural Rehabilitation are as follows investigation of physical/mechanical properties of the “Küfeki Shell Limestone” which was frequently used by Master Architect Sinan, in-place examination of “Küfeki Shell Limestone” strength, determination of the physical/mechanical properties of rock units which were used in the rehabilitation projects of Yapı Merkezi.


New Developed Experimental Tools are double punch tool for identifying the strength of “Küfeki Shell Limestone”, point load tool which was used in subway constructions such as Mevhibe İnönü and İzmir Subway Tunnels, volumetric air meter and rainfall ingress meter for concrete wall blocks. It should be noted that all these equipments are used in Yapı Merkezi construction sites.

The Patent of “Half Transparent Concrete” was obtained in 2010.

Yapı Merkezi produced several journal articles, proceedings and books by using the generated engineering knowledge, gained experience during projects, developed analysis and design methods. As a result, 29 books, more than 350 articles were published and undertake referee positions in several technical journals.

Studies related to the use of current products in new areas in the R&D Department 

  • Retaining walls with reinforced structural blocks (1992)
  • Use of porous slab units in the tunnel lining systems (1993)
  • Use of fiber-glass covers on building faces (1998)
  • Use of Subor e-type fiber-glass with plaster casts (1999)
  • Concrete with lightweight aggregate (1999-2003)
  • Self Compacting Concrete (2002)


New product development projects in the R&D Department (All these research projects were investigated with Yapı Merkezi Prefabrication Inc.) 

  • Recycled aggregate project (50MPa) (1996)
  • High strength concrete with normal aggregate project (1989-2007)
  • 170MPa – 10cm3 (1994)
  • 190MPa – 10cm3 (2006)
  • 240MPa – 10cm3 (2007)
  • Reactive Powder Concrete - 300 MPa – 10cm3 (2007)
  • Half transparent concrete project (2007)

Solution projects carried out by R&D Department for industrial problems

  • Research project on rain impermeability of structural blocks (1992)
  • Use of flying ash injection in backfilling parts of Kartaltepe approach (1992)
  • Investigation of carbonation event on concrete blocks (1992)
  • Examination of production-stock problems of concrete blocks (1999)
  • Identification of paint material selection for concrete blocks (1999)
  • Corrosion on mortar boards investigation on concrete block production project (with İTÜ Chemistry and Metallurgy Faculty) (2000)


R&D Activity Figures


  • 29 Books,
  • More than 350 journals, conference proceedings and discussion articles (30% of these are international),
  • More than 1000, internal R&D reports (15 % foreign language)


General Study Subjects

  • Advance Reinforced Concrete Technologies
  • Earthquake Engineering
  • Tunnel Technologies
  • National R&D Policies


Research Subjects on Advanced Reinforced Concrete Technology

  • Ultra high strength concrete (2345 kgf/cm² - 234,5 MPa ),
  • Reactive Powder Concrete (3000 kgf/cm² - 300 MPa ),
  • Concrete with lightweight agregate,
  • Fibre Reinforced Concrete (FRC) especially with steel fiber and glass fiber,
  • Self Compacting Concrete
  • Utilization of recycled aggregate in concrete and further evaluation,
  • Utilization of reinforcing plastic bar (GFRP, CRP, ARP, etc.) in concrete.


International  Memberships 

  • IABSE International Association for Bridge & Structural Eng. Zurich-Switzerland
  • ACI American Concrete Institute, Detroit-ABD
  • PCI Prestressed Concrete Institute, Chicago-ABD
  • IAHS International Association for Housing Sciences, Miami-ABD
  • UITP Union International of Public Transport, Brussel-Belgium
  • APTA American Public Transport Association, Philadelphia-ABD
  • ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers, Washington D.C.-ABD
  • RILEM Reunion Internationale, Materiaux et les Constructions, Lozan-Switzerland
  • FIB Federation Internationale du Beton Precontrainte, Lozan-Switzerland
  • CCTBUH Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, Bethlehem-ABD


Total Cumulative Distirbution of Yapı Merkezi R&D Department’s Reports And Publications (1991-2011)









Cumulative and yearly distribution of reports, proceedings and articles (1991-2011)
*Note: This distribution does not include the publication and report activities between 1966 and 1991.


Reports (Research – Projects+Studies) Proceedings, Articles And Books (1991-2011)












Yearly distribution of reports, proceedings and articles between 1991 and 2011



  • 1996 “Beton Dayanımının Erken Kestirimi (Early Prediction of Concrete Strength)” – Article Award from Turkish Precast Concrete Association
  • 1997 Scientific Study Award from Turkish Precast Concrete Association
  • 2000 “Concrete Quality Control in Mevhibe İnönü Tunnel Project” and “Long Term and Different Cure Condition Dependent Bending Strength Relationships” - Scientific Study Award from Turkish Precast Concrete Association
  • 2002 Firsts in the Sector Award from Chamber of Turkish Mining Engineers (TMMOB) – İstanbul Branch because of the publication of books in English, Spanish and Persian (1983, 1987 and 1992, respectively)
  • 2007, 2008 and 2009 The Most R&D Activities Conducted Company Award of the Year from Yıldız Technical University – Civil Engineering Club



Patent application about “Half Transperent Concrete” was accepted in July, 2010. Related experimental studies were conducted by Yapı Merkezi R&D Department and Yapı Merkezi Prefabrication Inc. This patent is registered to Yapı Merkezi with the name of “2008/09834 nolu IŞIK GEÇİREN FİBER OPTİK LİFLİ YARI SAYDAM BETON” by Turkish Patent Institute (TPE)

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